Hair Transplant is the transplantation of hair follicles from a donor site to a bald area. In Japan around 1939, Dr. Shoji OKUDA did hair transplant for treating traumatic alopecia. Hair Transplant has come a long way. Dr. Orentreich in 1956 laid the foundation for modern hair transplant methods like FUT and FUE. He showed the Donor Dominance property of hairs, Hair follicles transplanted from the back of the scalp could resist any effect by DHT. They grow like natural hairs and maintain bald resistance property.
Earlier hairs transplanted in the form of plunges or hair-bearing flaps. A large group of strands is known as plunges. Advanced methods like mini and micro-grafting introduced as technology advanced. Mini-grafts of hairs used to give high-density looks. Micro-grafts of hair used to define frontal hairline to provide a natural look. Mini-graft contains 5-6 hairs while micrografts are small consisting of 2-3 hair.
In 90’s Follicular Transplantation Method evolved. The dissection of follicular hair under the stereomicroscope was shown at that time. Follicular grafts were then transplanted to a bald area.
Hair loss leads to baldness also termed as alopecia. Hair Loss is different in male and female.
Types of Baldness
Male Pattern Baldness
Male Pattern Baldness is also androgenic alopecia. MPB relates to hormones and genetics. Hairs grow in the small cavity-like structure called follicles.
Baldness occurs when follicle stops growing hair. It happens due to DHT deposition at the root of follicles. But the follicle remains alive. The Hairs can still grow there. Hair loss starts occurring at the frontal hairline and moves backward. Among many options available in the market “Hair Transplant” is only one option to treat “Male Pattern Baldness.”
Female Pattern Baldness
Female pattern baldness is like Male pattern baldness. Except it’s not due to hormones but due to aging. There are few clues for Female Pattern Baldness. In a female pattern, baldness hair loss starts by thinning of hair at the crown. Frontal hairline of females is unaffected. Female hair loss usually doesn’t progress to total baldness. Hair transplant is very helpful in treating female pattern baldness.
Hair Transplant can be handy in treating baldness. The concept of the hair follicles and grafting them has revolutionized the treatment procedure.
Mini and Micro hair grafting methods led us to FUT and FUE methods of Hair Restoration. Earlier in the absence of such hair transplant methods and with the help of tissue expander. Hair-bearing flaps and scalp expansion helped to treat baldness
Hair Transplant Methods
FUT Hair Transplantation
Most Common hair transplantation procedure performed is follicular hair transplant. It is also known as strip method in hair transplantation. Hair restoration surgery is one of the common operations done in Delhi. We use a Hair-bearing strip from the back of the scalp in FUT Method of Hair Transplantation. We dissect the strip and prepare hair follicles from it. Hair follicles are kept in Ringer lactate to maintain their viability. Before hair transplantation, We prepare small holes and sites. The surgeon creates holes and sites in such a way that the hair grows normal like natural hairs.
Hair strip from the back of scalp acts as donor area. Reducing scar at least visible state is one of the critical factors in successful hair transplant. Before Starting, The surgeon marks the Hair transplantation area for the need of hair grafts. Possible numbers of grafts are stripped out based on the need.
Another milestone method in the field of hair restoration is Follicular Unit Extraction. With huge success for FUT, FUE method followed.
Follicular Unit Extraction:
Hair Transplantation is popular with FUE hair Transplantation method. In FUE method, with the help of a machine or device, Hole is created around the follicular unit. That whole follicular unit is taken out and implanted in the recipient area. FUE is better than FUT method for Hair Restoration because it is scarless. It has some limitation also. We will discuss them later.The follicular unit punching in FUE method leaves a hole. FUE makes it dead, hence the density of hairs from donor decreases.
Comparing Hair Transplant Methods FUT and FUE
It’s not appropriate to compare these methods because it depends upon your need. What hair transplant way fits you? Qualified Plastic Surgeon will suggest you best possible option. Each technique is evolved for their kind of Hair Transplantation. Here are the advantages and disadvantages of Hair restoration methods.
Advantages of FUT Hair restoration surgery
- FUT Hair Restoration Gives Highest Quality hair grafts. While FUE damages hair grafts.
- The surgeons use Fut Method to dissect Hair Follicles in minimum time. The FUE hair restoration method is not enough to get most hair grafts for transplantation.
- The Chances of better result increase with the quality of grafts. FUT method produces highest quality grafts. FUE method damages hair follicle quality.
- FUT method doesn’t damage hair density at donor area. Hairs will hide the linear scar on the back. The FUE method leaves follicle unit area dead. It also decreases hair density at donor area.
Advantages of FUE Hair Transplant Method
- FUE method is successful in small hair restoration surgery. It takes time to take out single hair grafts and implant them in the bald area. It limits this technique to small-scale hair transplantation surgeries.
- Often, The surgeon combines FUE with FUT method to extract hair follicles from other parts only when there are insufficient hair follicles in the donor area. But the survival rate of follicles in FUE method decreases.
Hair Restoration at other parts of body
We can also perform Hair transplant at other body parts. We can perform hair transplant surgeries at Beard, Moustaches, Eyebrow, and eyelashes.
Eyebrow Hair Transplant:
Eyebrow Hair Transplant gives dense, thick, well-defined eyebrows. In some cases of partial/complete loss of eyebrows or persons having thin eyebrows.
Beard / Moustaches Hair Transplant:
Lost beard/ mustaches, e.g., after scars or burns, are restored with the hair restoration.
Hair Transplant Cost in Delhi
Hair Transplant carried out at many places in Delhi. These practices make hair transplant unpopular and unsafe.
The cost of hair restoration is the determining factor for good hair transplant. The number of hair grafts harvested decides the. At Olmec, hair transplant cost is unambiguous we charge 30/- INR per Grafts for FUT Hair Transplant. 40/- INR per graft in FUE Hair Transplant.
The surgeons calculate the number of grafts harvested in the bald area by measuring bald area in square cm. We put 60 grafts in per square cm of area. Olmec gives you most natural and dense look in Hair restoration surgery.
Duration of Hair Transplant Procedure
Hair Transplantation takes One hour to many hours (usually 4 to 8 hours) depending on the number of hair grafts. You may go home in the evening. What makes us unique is that Dr. Narendra Kaushik is famous for performing Giga sessions. Dr. Kaushik ensures the best density.
If it takes long hours and makes your overnight stay needed, We never try to finish the procedure in a hurry. We have well-furnished indoor relaxing rooms. we also have audiovisual facilities for your night stay that too without extra cost.”
Hair Transplant Before and after results
Disclaimer: Results may vary from person to person